Life for a Hindu is a round of rituals and ceremonies. Most of the Hindu customs and traditions consist of ritualistic practices related to various religious observances known as Samskaras or sacraments. Mafried to the Hindu Dharmashastra, the individual has to pass through many samskaras which are known as Sharira Samskaras, because they are intended and calculated married hawker male for texting sanctify the body, i. They begin from the moment the foetus is laid garbhadhana to the death antyeshthi of a person. The of these Samskaras differs according to different authorities but it is held that 16 of them are the most essential nitya and 24 in all which are optional. These are usually conducted under the direction of Brahman priests who on their part say that they use Vedic texts for Brahmans and Puranic texts for others.
Life for a Hindu is a round of rituals and ceremonies. Most of the Hindu customs and traditions consist of ritualistic practices related to various religious observances known as Samskaras or sacraments. According to the Hindu Dharmashastra, the individual has to pass through many samskaras which are known as Sharira Samskaras, because they are intended and calculated to sanctify the body, i. They begin from the moment the foetus is laid garbhadhana to the death antyeshthi of a person.
The of these Samskaras differs according to different authorities but it is held that 16 of them are the most essential nitya and 24 in all which are optional. These are usually conducted under the direction of Brahman priests who on their part say that they use Vedic texts for Brahmans and Puranic texts for others. Lately even these sixteen have been reduced to less than half a dozen in most Hindu communities and are principally observed in the case of birth, thread-girding, marriage, pregnancy and death.
A Samskara is usually preceded by a symbolic sacrifice homa. Pregnancy and child-birth: The garbhadhana or foetus-laying ceremony to be performed at the consummation of marriage derived social ificance when child marriages were the order of the day. At present, the ritual is symbolically included in the marriage ceremony itself without any bustle as the brides are full-grown young girls. The grihyasutras prescribed for the benefit of the pregnant woman a of observances which appear to be magico-religious and those who believe in the efficacy of the Vedic rites are still some-times seen to follow them.
The Pumsavana Samskara or the male-making rite is performed by such in the third month of pregnancy so that the deities governing the sex of the foetus are believed to be propitiated and a male issue assured. The Jatakarma ceremony may be performed at the birth of the. Here the father has to touch and smell the child, utter benedictory mantras into its ears expressing his wish that it may be endowed with long life and intelligence. However, the first popular ritual in an infant's life is the Panchvi and Shashthi.
These Pujas are performed in all Hindu communities and they have been described before. The customs have no Vedic basis, however. Naming ceremony: The Namadheya rite is performed on the 10th or 12th day after birth of when it is given a name. In popular married hawker male for texting it is called barse and is celebrated by all communities in somewhat varying ways.
Among the higher caste Hindus, a Brahman is usually called in and he proposes certain names considered auspicious in view of the astrological circumstances of child-birth.
The family selects one of these names and sometimes more are given, one of which is kept for common use and the other for ceremonial use. The horoscope is usually cast and read and the name proclaimed.
Pansupari and sweets are distributed and drums beaten. In some castes a ceremonial cradling is held in the evening by the women of the house and the naming is celebrated. On this day, the child receives gifts hasker relatives in the form of clothes and cash. The Karnavedha piercing the ear-holes ceremony may take place the same morning or may be postponed to the sixth or twelfth month.
If a male child is subject to a vow, his right nostril is bored and a gold-ring is put into it. The twelfth day is also important because on this day, the mother, who since she gave birth to the child was considered unclean, is proclaimed to be clean. On this day the confinement room is thoroughly cleaned and this is the first day on which marred male-members of the family could go to see the mother and the. Annaprashana: Among better class Hindus, a ceremony known as annaprashana or ushtavana in current Marathi is held when the child is fed food other than mother's milk for the first time.
It usually takes place when the child is six months old. An auspicious day is chosen and relatives hwwker invited who come with gifts for the.
Food which is usually khir or rice boiled with sugar and milk is put in the mouth of the child with a spoon or a golden ring. The child's maternal uncle usually takes the child in his lap and officiates at the ceremony. Javal: After this comes the hair-cutting ceremony known as javal. As a samskara, it is known as Chooda Karma or the first tonsure of the hair for the sake of dharma and is performed in the first or third year or at any age according to the tradition of the family.
At present, the rite is generally gone through at the time of the upanayana among higher castes. Lower castes are found marries be much more keen to observe it as a ceremony that the hair the child is born with is impure and must be removed with social ceremony. Married hawker male for texting The thread-girding ceremony or munja as it is popularly known is prescribed for all Hindus claiming to belong to the first three varnas.
The ceremony is also called upanayana or Vratabandha. It is intended to be the beginning of acquisition of knowledge from the guru, master. Until this is performed, a male child belonging to the three varnas is not entitled to be called dwija, twice-born. A boy undergoes the upanayana at the age of eight, eleven and twelve according as he belongs to Brahman, Kshatriya or Vaishya varna. There are also rules regarding muhurtas, auspicious times, to be determined according to the location of planets at the time of the boy's birth.
The ceremony always takes place in the morning before noon, never after mid-day. Preparations begin a textlng days before the day of thread-girding. Drummers and pipers to play at the ceremony are engaged. Malf booth or porch is built in which a bahule decorated platform is constructed. Invitation cards are sent to relations far and near mwrried friends, kinsmen and intimates ask the boy to Kelavana or Gadgner, i.
A formal invitation ceremony akshat is held a day or two before the thread-girding ceremony when the local Ganapati temple is visited and prayers are offered to the deity to be present at the thread ceremony. Personal invitations are then extended to the local friends and relatives. Early in the morning of the lucky day, musicians start playing on the drum and pipe.
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The ghana ceremony is gone through with the help of not less than five Suvasinis. Prior to the upanayana ceremony proper, the usual propitiatory rites are gone through with the same procedural details as before the performance of an auspicious samskara. The ceremony of chaula shaving the boy's headif it was not performed in childhood is gone through and the boy is then bathed and taken to the dining hall.
There, boys, called batus, girt with the sacred thread but not married are seated in a row and fed. While they eat, the boy's mother sitting in front of the batus sets her son on her lap, feeds him and eats from the same plate.
The ceremony is known as Matribhojana the mother's meal when it is the last time the boy and his mother eat from the same plate. This over, the boy is taken to the barber who shaves all the locks that were left on his head except the top knot. The boy is then bathed and made ready for the upanayana ceremony. The boy and his parents enter the booth and take their seats on the three pats wooden low stools arranged on the bahule.
The father begins the ceremony by giving away some cash to make for the neglect of performance of sanskaras at their proper time. The father then sits on a pat with his face to the east, while the boy stands before him facing west and the priests hold between them a curtain marked with Swastika lucky cross in vermilion.
Priests recite mangalashtakas lucky verses etxting the guests throw married hawker male for texting rice mixed with kumkum at the boy and his father. At the proper muhurta lucky moment the priests stop chanting, the musicians re-double their notes, the curtain hawkeg pulled to the north, the boy lays his head at the feet of his father who blesses him and seats him on his right.
The guests are regaled with pansupari, fot, rose-water and sweet drink. It is now getting customary for the guests to make some present to the batu boy on this occasion. After this, begins the right religious ceremony. A vedi, earthen altar, is traced in front of the father, blades of darbha sacred grass are spread over it and a homa sacrificial fire is kindled on it. Offerings of ajya gheesesamum til and seven kinds of samidhas sacred fuel sticks are made on the sacrificial fire.
The boy then approaches the acharya with folded hands with a mlae to make him a brahmachari un-wed Vedic student. The acharya grants his request. He daubs a cotton string in oil and turmeric, ties it round the boy's waist and gives him a langoti loin-cloth to wear. He then rolls a yellow pancha short waist-cloth round the boy's waist and a white one round his shoulders. Another cotton string daubed with oil and turmeric and a bit of deer-skin passed into it is hung on the boy's left ,arried.
He hands over to him a conservated Yajnopavita sacred thread and a danda of palas, a staff. The boy is made to pass between the sacrificial fire and his father and sip three achamanas and repeat texts. He then goes back between the fire and his father and takes his seat. The preceptor then gives the boy a cocoanut and taking him by the hand goes out of the booth and both bow to the Sun. malw
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On their return to hawkef seats, the preceptor takes the boy's right hand and asks him to state his name and to state whose brahmachari he has become. When the narried mentions his name and says that he is his preceptor's brahmachari, the preceptor lets go the boy's hand, takes him round the sacrificial fire and seating him by his side drops nine offerings into the fire. He then says to the boy: "You have now become a brahmachari; you must marreid religious exactness; you must sip achamana before taking food; you must not sleep during the day; you must control your speech; you must keep alight the sacred fire and cleanse your mouth after taking food.
The shawl is taken away and all return to their seats and give blessings to the new brahmachari and his father. The preceptor then makes four offerings of samidhas to the sacrificial fire and is followed by the boy making an offering of one samidha and wipes off his face thrice with words purporting, " I annoint myself with lustre and may Agni and Indra bestow on me insight, offspring and vigour. Money presents are then made to the preceptor and priests and they in their turn bless the batu and his father.
At noon, the preceptor teaches the boy to recite the Madhyanha Sandhya and in the evening the Sayamsandhya, i. The ceremony of bhikshavala asking alms is then held. The boy and his relatives go in a procession to the temple of Ganapati with music and company and on return the boy is seated near the altar. To his mother married hawker male for texting approaches him there the boy says, " Bhavati, bhiksham dehi Lady, be pleased to give alms " and holds a cloth-wallet before her.
The mother blesses him and puts in the wallet some sweet balls, rice and gold or silver coins. Other Suvasinis, mostly relatives and friends, follow suit to each of whom the boy addresses in the same manner and each of them presents him sweets and cash.
The contents of the wallet go to the priest who gives part of the sweetmeats to the boy and keeps the rest for himself. The whole of the upanayana ceremony is now-a-days usually wound up within a day. Formerly it used to last for four or five days. Each day, the boy was taught to offer his morning, mid-day and evening prayers and made to worship the sacred fire kindled on the first day.
The last rite of the upanayana ceremony is Medhajanana. A small square earthen mound is raised and a branch of the palas tree is planted in it. The boy pours water round the plant and prays Medha the goddess of mind to give him knowledge and wealth. The boy is now a brahmachari, an un-wed Vedic student, and from now on for some years should learn at the feet of his guru the Vedas.